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There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Florence each year. The main ones are listed below.

January 1 : New Year's Day (Capodanno, national)

On New Year's Eve, Florence offers many activities: gourmet dinners, dances, lively markets, and Renaissance festivities.

January 6 : Epiphany (Feast of Befana, national)

The feast of the Epiphany is celebrated in Florence with the traditional Ride of the Magi: an impressive procession across the city on horseback and in Renaissance costume. The witch Befana distributes candy to children who have been good and coal to those who have been bad.

Mardi Gras : Carnival (national)

Spread over several weeks in February, the Carnival of Florence goes into full swing on the day of Mardi Gras. The public is invited to join the procession of colourfully costumed characters in the heart of the ‘City of the Red Lily'.

Easter Sunday : Scoppio del Carro (local)

A musical procession accompanied by a costumed parade follows a carriage drawn by white oxen that is filled with fireworks up to Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral. At the end of the Easter Mass, the Archbishop launches a dove-shaped rocket onto the carriage, triggering a spectacular fireworks display.

April 25 : Liberation Day (national)

To commemorate the end of World War II in Italy, celebrations and parades are held throughout the city.

May 1 : Labour Day (national)

Artistic associations organise events in the historic centre of the city: performances, workshops, street theatre, and more.

June 2 : Republic Day (national)

To commemorate the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946, celebrations, fireworks displays, parades and street dances are held all over Florence and other Italian cities.

June 24 : Feast of Saint John (local)

On the anniversary of the birth of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of Florence, the city organises historical parades and games of Calcio Fiorentino (an ancestor of football, which is played in traditional medieval costume). In the evening, fireworks light up the city centre.

August 10 : The Night of San Lorenzo (local)

The San Lorenzo district celebrates the birth of its patron saint with parades, street performances, traditional dances, lasagne and watermelon tastings, and more.

August 15 : Ferragosto (national)

To celebrate the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, masses and processions are held in her honour in churches and streets throughout the historic centre.

September 7 : Rificolona (local)

On the eve of the anniversary of the birth of the Virgin, rificolone (“lanterns” in Tuscan) illuminate the streets and windows of the city.

November 1 : All Saint's Day (national)

On the eve of the anniversary of the birth of the Virgin, rificolone (“lanterns” in Tuscan) illuminate the streets and windows of the city.

November 4 : National Unity and Armed Forces Day (national)

For this official commemoration of Italian reunification and the end of the First World War, military parades are held across the city.

December 8 : Feast of the Immaculate Conception (national)

In honour of the Virgin Mary, the Piazza della Santissima Annunziata welcomes the Fierucola dell'Immacolata, a popular market for local crafts and organic products.

December 25 : Christmas (national)

Don't miss the illuminated Christmas craft market in Piazza Santa Croce.

December 26 : Santo Stefano (national)

Celebrate the birth of St. Stephen. Traditionally, Italians sit down to a large and festive meal with their families.

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The city of Florence enjoys a temperate Mediterranean climate. Protected from the wind by the surrounding hills, temperatures are mild all year round, but can become stiflingly hot in summer. Beware of the ‘rainy season', which generally runs from October to December. Spring and September are the ideal times to visit the city.

Month Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Average Rains (MM) Best Time to Travel
January 2/35.6 10/50 62/2.4 Not the best period to go
February 4/39.2 11/51.8 66/2.6 Not the best period to go
March 6/42.8 14/57.2 70/2.8 Good period to go Good period to go
April 9/48.2 18/64.4 67/2.6 Good period to go Good period to go
May 12/53.6 23/73.4 68/2.6 Good period to go Good period to go
June 16/60.8 27/80.6 56/2.2 Good period to go Good period to go
July 18/64.4 31/87.8 43/1.7 Not the best period to go
August 18/64.4 30/86 66/2.6 Not the best period to go
September 15/59 26/78.8 72/2.8 Good period to go Good period to go
October 12/53.6 21/69.8 86/3.4 Not the best period to go
November 7/44.6 14/57.2 107/4.2 Not the best period to go
December 4/39.2 10/50 81/3.2 Not the best period to go
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Amerigo Vespucci-Peretola Florence International Airport

The Amerigo Vespucci-Peretola Florence airport is located about 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) northwest of the city centre of Florence.

  • 1 terminal, divided into two sections: one for departures, the other for arrivals.

Getting from the airport to Florence and back:
  • By car
    • The centre of Florence is about 15 minutes from the airport, along the Viale Alessandro Guidoni and Viale Francesco Redi.
    • Parking is available at the airport. The first 15 minutes are free, then EUR 3 per hour and EUR 30 for the day. Long-term parking is also available: around EUR 12 per day for a minimum of four days.
    • Several car rental companies have counters, located in the arrivals area. Many are open on Sundays.
  • By shuttle
    • The Vola in Bus company offers a shuttle service between the airport and Santa Maria Novella station (in the centre of Florence): on a daily basis with departures every 30 minutes, between 5:30 a.m. and 8:30 p.m. and 1 departure per hour until 12:30 a.m., for EUR 6 one way and EUR 10 round trip. The journey takes about 25 minutes.
  • By Taxi
    • A taxi ranks are located in front of the arrivals area. A trip from the airport to the city centre (about 20 minutes) costs around EUR 22.
  • Services: bars, restaurants, shops, free Internet access (Wi-Fi) and a post office in the airport.
  • Telephone: +39 055 4242 / +39 055 4390 / +39 055 4798
  • Website: www.aeroporto.firen ze.it/en/

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It would be a shame to get around Florence only by car. Besides, most streets in the historic centre are restricted. Use buses and taxis—and walk, walk, walk!


Holders of most driving licenses are allowed to drive in Italy. If you live in Italy for a period exceeding two years, your license must be exchanged for an Italian license.

The historic centre of Florence is pedestrian-only.

Several areas of the city are ‘limited traffic zones' accessible only to residents. If you arrive in Florence by car, it is recommended that you leave your car at the airport parking.

For more information on restricted traffic zones: https://ztl.comune.fi.it/


The historic centre of the city is served by Ataf, an eco-minibus service with four different routes: A, B, C and D. An extensive bus network covers the rest of the city and its periphery, between 5:30 a.m.12:30 a.m. approximately.

Bus tickets cost EUR 1.50 and are valid for 1.5 hours, including connections. Other tickets available: 24-hours (EUR 5), 3 days (EUR 12), and 7 days (EUR 18). 24-hour family tickets (2 adults and 2 children) cost EUR 6.


Official taxis in the city are white. Tariffs are posted on the dashboard. Pick-up charges are EUR 3.30. Add EUR 1 per luggage.

Please note that you can't hail taxis in Florence: you have to go to a taxi stand. You can also book a taxi by phone (+39 055 4242 or +39 055 4390) or online (www.4242.it and www.4390.it ).


It costs around EUR 14 per day to rent a bike. There are many bike rental stations in Florence, including at Santa Maria Novella station.


The main station of Florence, Santa Maria Novella, is within walking distance of the tourist centre and serves the main stations in cities throughout the country. A trip to Rome Tiburtina train station costs between EUR 15 and 50, depending on schedules.

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Visitor information

Upon your arrival in Florence, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organize your stay.

Florence Tourist Office

Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).


  • Address: Via Manzoni 16, 50121 Firenze
  • Telephone: +39 055 23 320

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Currency and Exchange Rates

The currency used in Italy is the Euro (EUR).

TRY 1 = EUR 0.11

EUR 1 = TRY 9.09

The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.

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Medical information

In order to travel in the best conditions and for your health and safety, we invite you to check all information regarding preventive measures and best practices to be respected, available on the official website of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country-files/

Your comfort, well-being and health are at the heart of Air France's concerns, and we want to help you prepare for your trip in the best way possible. Find out more about the measures taken to ensure safe travelling on our website: https://www.airfrance.fr/FR/en/common/page_flottante/information/coronavirus.htm#notre-engagement-sanitaire

See your doctor before you travel. Florence counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists. It is recommended that you obtain insurance covering health care expenses as well as medical evacuation or repatriation before you leave home.

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Administrative procedures

Entry requirements for Italy

For a stay of less than three months, travellers from the Schengen area and various countries of the European Union need only be in possession of a national identity card or a passport valid for the duration of their stay in order to enter Italy.
As a general rule, all other travellers are subject to visa requirements, although citizens of some countries may enter Italy for a short stay of up to 90 days without a visa.

For further information, visit the website of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en

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Essential phrases

Here are a few useful phrases in Italian for your stay in Florence:

Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: Buongiorno Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: <em>Buongiorno</em>

Good evening: Buonasera Good evening: <em>Buonasera</em>

Goodbye: Arrivederci Goodbye: <em>Arrivederci</em>

Yes: Si Yes: <em>Si</em>

No: No No: <em>No</em>

No, thank you: No, grazie No, thank you: <em>No, grazie</em>

Thank you very much: Grazie mille Thank you very much: <em>Grazie mille</em>

Please: Per favore Please: <em>Per favore</em>

I don't understand: Non capisco I don't understand: <em>Non capisco</em>

Could you repeat ?: Può ripetere ? Could you repeat ?: <em>Può ripetere ?</em>

What time is it ?: Che ora è ? / Che ora sono ? What time is it ?: <em>Che ora è ? / Che ora sono ?</em>

Sorry: Mi scusi (formal)
Excuse me: Scusatemi (plural) Sorry: <em>Mi scusi (formal)</em><br />
Excuse me: <em>Scusatemi (plural)</em>

Airport: Aeroporto Airport: <em>Aeroporto</em>

Train station: Stazione Train station: <em>Stazione</em>

Taxi: Taxi Taxi: <em>Taxi</em>

Hotel: Hotel / Albergho Hotel: <em>Hotel / Albergho</em>

Hospital: Ospedale Hospital: <em>Ospedale</em>

Bank: Banca Bank: <em>Banca</em>

Telephone: Telefono Telephone: <em>Telefono</em>

I'm (…): Sono (…). I'm (…): <em>Sono (…).</em>

I'm looking for (…): Sto cercando (…). I'm looking for (…): <em>Sto cercando (…).</em>

How much is (…)?: Quanto costa ? How much is (…)?: <em>Quanto costa ?</em>

Do you have (…)?: Ha (…) ? Do you have (…)?: <em>Ha (…) ?</em>

Where can I find (…)?: Dove si trova (…) ? / Dove posso trovare (…) ? Where can I find (…)?: <em>Dove si trova (…) ? / Dove posso trovare (…) ?</em>

Where can I buy (…)?: Dove si compra (…) ? / Dove posso comprare (…) ? Where can I buy (…)?: <em>Dove si compra (…) ? / Dove posso comprare (…) ?</em>

I'd like (…): Vorrei (…). I'd like (…): <em>Vorrei (…).</em>

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Good to know

+ phone number (without the 0)
-1 : 00
of time difference with
Start of daylight saving time: last Sunday in March
End of daylight saving time: last Sunday in October

Usually open Monday to Friday 8:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. & 2:30 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Usually open Monday to Friday, mornings only.
220 V / 50 Hz


Tipping is often included in the bill, under the header “servizio” (service). However, you can leave a tip if you've been pleased with the service. In the bill, you will sometimes find the header “pane e coperto” (bread and cutlery) which corresponds to bread and setting. Make sure the price includes tip and setting.

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